"Flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God." (1Corinthians 15:50)The phrase "flesh and blood" is found in four of the canonical Epistles of Paul. It is found in 1Corinthians 15:50 stated above, as well as Galatians 1:16, Ephesians 6:12, and the disputed epistle of Hebrews 2:14. Three of the above epistles are said to have been contained in Marcion's Apostolikon. The first Catholic writer to mention this passage and argue about it is Irenaeus of Lyon. The phrase "flesh and blood" can be found in his Against Heresies book 2.22.6, 3.13.2, 3.18.4, 4.17.2, and extensively in book 5. Book 5 is where he first quotes it and makes his arguments. Book 5 is thought to have been written around 180 AD. In chapters 1.2, 9.1, 9.4, 10.1, 10.2, 11.1, 11.2, 12.3, 13.2, 13.5, 14.1, 14.2, and 14.4 he uses the phrase.
Irenaeus specifically quotes this passage in book 5, chapters 9.1, 9.4, 10.1-2, 11.1-2, 13.2, and 13.5.
Clement of Rome, Justin, all the minor writers of the 2nd century, all the apologists of the 2nd century, Polycarp, Papias, Hegesippus, and Ignatius never bother to once mention the passage. Althought Ignatius' letter to the Smyrnaeans uses the phrase. Ignatius supposedly dealt with Docetists and Justin supposedly refuted Marcion yet they know nothing of this pro-docetic passage. Polycarp, Clement, and Ignatius are supposedly followers of Paul yet know nothing of this passage!
History of the passage in transmission from Irenaeus to the Council of Nicaea:
1. Irenaeus of Lyon- Against Heresies book 5
2. Clement of Alexandria- Stromata book 2 ch. 20
3. Tertullian of Carthage- Against Marcion book 5 ch. 14, 20; On the Resurrection of the flesh ch. 48-49, (and 50-51)
4. Origen of Alexandria- Against Celsus ch. 19
5. Archelaus- ch. 40
6. Methodius- Discourse on the Resurrection pt. 1 ch. 13, pt. 3 ch. 5-6
The Nag Hammadi scriptures: (direct quotes)
1. Gospel of Philip
2. Exegesis on the soul
(in the spirit of the anti-Catholic argument)
1. Treatise on the Resurrection
2. Testimony of Truth
3. Coptic Apocalypse of Peter
4. Second Treatise of the Great Seth
Other Apologetic writings on Resurrection:
1. Justin Martyr- On the Resurrection
2. Athenagoras- On the Resurrection of the dead
3. Tertullian- On the Resurrection of the flesh
1. The Talmud
2. The works of Josephus
3. Epistle of the Apostles
In later posts I will give exact quotations from the above works to illustrate the argument that began in the time of Anicetus at Rome between Valentinians, Carpocratians, Marcionites, and Catholics.